Making Constructivism a Reality

Sin título-1One of the greatest paradigms nowadays is constructivism. The student creates his or her own understanding while the teachers serve as a moderator, allowing the student to ask his or her own questions in order to arrive at the conclusion of what is real or not. In the classroom there are no exceptions, students build their own knowledge in different activities during the day.

In the Language Arts subject, for example, instead of memorizing and making vocabulary charts, students play tic tac toe with words, this is to say that each player chooses a word from the stipulated vocabulary and replaces it with a cross or a circle. To understand the definition, the students formulate their own hypothesis of what the word may mean. Whether they are right or wrong, students achieve their own understanding. After having a discussion among themselves, the students understand that the possible answers help them to reach the conclusion successfully. A great benefit of this is the promotion of communication between them and that communication is being created in an environment of collaboration and the exchanging of ideas.

In other circumstances, different strategies are used which cover the types of learning. For reading in particular, it is a challenge to work with kinesthetic students. We have an activity called "shuffle", which consists of having students exchange places after reading a certain number of paragraphs. This allows the student to move between reading texts and not just stay in his/her seat. At the beginning of the reading they are asked what they believe will happen and we continue on by reading the title, and it is surprising to observe how the students formulate their own hypotheses. By listening to the answers of some classmates, the students are constructing their own analysis. After reading each paragraph by themselves, they formulate their own conclusions, this achieves a greater understanding of reading and likewise shares their experiences if the type of text lends itself to this.

The creation of projects after each lesson also helps to reinforce the knowledge of each student as they reflect all their learning in the form of teamwork.

Miss. Carolina Aguilar.



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